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Yaagam is performed in special thatched sheds called Yaagasaala. It consists mainly of a Mahaavedi (great hall) in which are :

There are many other arrangements in a Yaagasaala for specific rituals, most of which are constructed earlier on an auspicious day, but formally done during the Yaagam.


The units of length used for sizing the Yaagasaala are related to the height of the Yajamaanan and hence vary for each Yaagam. The basic unit is :

Dandu (pole) = the length (height) measured from the foot of the Yajamaanan to the tip of his middle finger, when he stands erect, raises and stretches both hands up.
Viral (finger) = 1 / 120 of Dandu
Prakramam (stick, "Kol") = ¼ of Dandu = 30 Virals, also approximately = twice the length of Yajamaanan's foot.
Arani = 1/5 of Dandu = 20 Virals = 0.8 Prakramam

Most of the measurements are made using a Kol or stick, one Prakramam (P) long (roughly 55 cm for a 175 cm tall Yajamaanan.


Prakramam (P)= Twice the length of Yajamaanan's foot.

1.Pragwaamsam  (Vimatha) : Length:16 P, Breadth:12 P & Height :12 P. Constructed east-west, it has a pillar at the middle and 2 pillars at the east & west ends with small pillars along side. It has 4 doors in 4 directions, each with 2 P width.
2.Mahaavedi : East of Pragwaamsam with a gap of 2 P; 36 P long in east-west direction, 30 P wide at the west end and narrowing to 24 P at the east end. It has an imaginary boundary.
3.Sadass : At the west end and within the Mahaasaala, 18 Arani (14.4 P) long in a north-south, and 10 Arani (8 P) wide in an east-west direction.
4.Havirdhaani : Just to the east of Sadass and 12 P square.
5.Maarjaaleeyam : A small portion to the south of Havirdhaanam.
6.Agneedhram : A small portion to the north of Havirdhaanam.
7.Utharavedi : To the east of Mahaasaala, in which the "Chithi" is to be built. This is the actual Yaagasaala.
8.Pathneesaala : (Wife's shed) A small saala at the west end with 6 P breadth and 12 P length. It has a door towards north. Has two village ovens.
9.Pasusaala : (Cow shed) (South of Praagwaamsam)
10.Aadusaala : (Lamb shed) (South of Praagwaamsam)
(fire place or
offering Altar)
: 2 P from the west end of Pragwaamsam
(fire place or
offering altar)
: 2 P from the east end of Pragwaamsam
(fire place or
offering Altar or
: 4 P south of the middle pillar


| Article No:4.9.1 | Last update of this article:19th April 2003 |
Article Prepared by : P. Vinod Bhattathiripad and K.D. Nambudripad

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