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2. Yajurvedam

Yajurvedam has two branches - Sukla (bright or white) Yajurvedam and Krishna (dark or black) Yajurvedam. This is also called Thaithireeya Yajurvedam. The former is non-existent in Kerala. Krishna Yajurvedam contains primarily Sroutha matters like Agnyaadhaanam, and has two parts - Samhitha and Saakha.
(i) Samhitha (Text) : This consists of 7 Kaandams divided into 44 Prasnams (Parvams) with 8, 6, 5, 7, 7, 6 and 5 Prasnams in 1 to 7 Kaandams, respectively. These are further sub-divided into 651 Anuvaakams or Othu, with roughly 2,200 Panchaathis (usually called Panchaathi) of about 50 Padams (words) each. They mainly contain Manthrams, Kriyas, Braahmanams, and concepts for various Yaagams, Ishtis, etc. Specific contents of the various Prasnams are given in Table - 1. The most important Sreerudram is the 24th Prasnam and Chamakam is the first 11 Othu of the 25th Prasnam.
Table - 1. DETAILS OF SAMHITHA

PRASNAM NO.
NO. OF ANUVAAKAMS OR OTHU
CONTENT
1 14 Dasapoornamaaseshti Manthrams
2 to 4 14, 14, 41 Somayaagam Manthrams
5 11 Othu 1- 4 : Punaraadhaanavidhaanam, Manthrams and Braahmanam 
    next 5       : Agnihothram Manthram, Braahmanam, purpose (Uddesyam) 
    next 1       : Darsapoornamaaseshti Manthram
6 12 1-6           : Darsapoornamaaseshti Manthram 
    rest           : Its Braahmanam
7 13 1 - 6         : Its Braahmanam
    rest           : Vaajapeya Yaagam - Manthrams
8 22 Raajasooyam - Ishtis and Manthrams
9 and 10 11, 12 Kaamyeshti Vidhi
11 and 12 14 each Kaamyeshti Vidhi and Manthrams
13 12 1 and 2  : Kaamyeshti Vidhi (no Manthrams) 
    rest        : Darsapoornamaaseshti - Vidhi
14 12 Darsapoornamaaseshti - Vidhi
15 to 17 11 each Somayaagam Kriyas and Manthrams
18 11 Some special Yaagams, Jayaa, Abhyaathaana, Raashtrabhruth - Manthrams and its Braahmanams and Vaasthoshpathi
20 to 26 11,12,14,13,11,9,15 Athiraathram - Ukhaasambharam, Ishtakopadhaanam (laying of bricks for Chithi) - their Manthrams
27 to 30 11, 12 each                - do -                       their Kriyas
31 24 1 - 10      : Athiraathram - Manthrams and Kriyas
    rest          : Aswamedham - Ishtis
32 23 1 - 10      : Athiraathram - Manthrams and Kriyas
    rest          : Aswamedham - Ishtis
33 28 1 - 10      : Athiraathram - Manthrams and Kriyas
    rest          : Aswamedham - Manthams
34 to 39 11 each Somayaagam - Kriyas
40 to 44 20,20,20,22,25 1 - 10 of  40,41,42 and 44, and } Ekaaham, Aheenam, Sathram
1 - 11 of  43                              } - Vidhis (Yaagaviseshams)
    rest          : Aswamedham - Manthrams and Ishtis

NOTE : The last Othu of Prasnam 1 to 28 are Yaajyaapuronuvaakyas for various gods.
 

(ii) Saakha (Branch) : The 39 Prasnams (Parvams) containing 557 Anuvaakam or Othu of what is called Saakha by Namboothiris, contain Thaithireeya Braahmanam, Aaranyakam, and Upanishath. Prasnams 14 to 39 have specific names (see Table - 2). Saakha contains primarily the Manthrams, Sookthams, Braahmanams, guidelines, strictures, etc. for various Kriyas, Ishtis, Homams, Yaagams, etc. Purusha Sooktham is the 12th Othu of the 33rd (Hothaaram) Parvam. The names and contents of the 39 Parvams are shown in the table.
Table - 2. DETAILS OF SAAKHA

PRASNAM NO.
NO. OF ANUVAAKAMS OR OTHU
NAME OF PRASNAM
CONTENT
10  ***  Othu 1 : Somayaagam - Manthrams 
      rest      : Agnyaadhaanam - Vidhis, Kriyas and Manthrams 
***  1          : Agnyaadhaana Sambhaara Manthram 
      rest      : Gavaamayana Vidhi 
10  ***  1          : Punaraadhaana Vidhaanam 
      next 8   : Vaajapeya Braahmanam 
      last 1    : Pinda-Pithru-Yajna - Vidhi 
10  ***  Somagraha Vishayam, Agnihothra Praayaschitham, Somayaaga Praayaschitham, Pavamaana Sooktham, Sowthraamani Manthram and Chaathurmaasya Vishayam 
12  ***  Nakshathra Manthram, Punyakaalam, Paathraprasamsa, Chaathurmaasya Manthram, Vapana Vidhi, Ishtakopadhaana Manthram, Deekshaneeya and other Ishtis, Sthomams, Savaneeya-Purodaasam, 7 Chhandass 
6 to 8  10 each  ***  Raajasooyam - Braahmanams 
11  ***  Agnihothram - Vidhi 
10 and 11  11 each  ***  Deployment of Hothrukkal (Rithwiks) 
12 and 13  8 each  ***  Upahoma Manthrams (Yaajyaa-Puronuvaakyas) 
14  20  Sowthraamani  Sowthraamani Manthrams 
15  18  Savam  Savams - Vidhis and Manthrams 
16  Sooktham  Sookthams like Anna, Vishnu, Naasal 
17  Nakshathreshti  Nakshathreshti'sYaajyaapuronuvaakyas, and Manthrams and Vidhis of Upahomams 
18 and 19  10 and 11  Purodaasam  Darsapoornamaaseshti - Braahmanam 
20  19  Purushamedham  Devathaa-Pasu Bamdhalakshanam 
21  12  Pithrumedham  Other (Apara) Kriya - Manthrams 
22  13  Ishtihothram  Darsapoornamaaseshti - Howthra Manthrams 
23  15  Pasuhothram  Praayaschitha Pasu - Manthrams 
24  14  Achhidram  1 to 3 : Praayaschitha Vishayangal (matters) 
      rest    : Ishti and Yaagam - Manthrams 
25 and 26  23 each  Aswamedham  Aswamedha - Braahmanam 
27  26  Saavithra Chayanam - Manthrams and Vidhis 
28  10  Naachiketha Chayanam - Manthrams and Vidhis 
29  }  Kaatthakam
Divassyeni and Apaaka Ishtis Yaajyapuronuvaakyams and Vidhis 
30  Othu 1 : Chaathurhothra Chayana Vidhi 
      rest      : Vaiswasruja Chayana Manthram 
31  32  Arunam  Aruna-Kethuka Chayana Vidhi 
32  19  Swaadhyaayam  Koosmaandi Manthram; Vidhi and greatness of Sandhyaavandanam, Swaadhyaayam (Brahma Yajnam) and Pancha Yajnam 
33  21  Hothaaram  Hothrukkal, Dasaatmakam and other Manthrams 
34 and 35  13 and 12  Manthram Visikha  Pravargya Manthrams 
36  12  Sukriyam  Pravarga Braahmanam 
37  48  Sreenaaraayanam  Naaraayana Sooktham, Pancha Brahmam, Virajaahoma Manthram (Saptha Sudhhi) and other Manthrams; greatness of Daanam, etc. 
38  13  Upanishath  Karthavya Vivaranam 
39  Valli  Parabrahmam - description 
  ___________     
  557
==========
   
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| Article No:4.2.2.2 | Last update of this article:14th November 2001 |
Article by : Panthal Vaidikan Damodaran Namboodiri,  Principal, Kamakoti Yajurveda Paatthasaala, Irinjalakuda - 680 121, Thrissur dist.

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